what to do after installing the debian9

  1. how to download the packages by terminal from internet:
    open terminal -> “su -” -> “vi /etc/apt/sources.list” -> add the “#” to the “deb cdrom:[……]/ stretch main” -> save and exit
  2. how to add xxx to the sudoer file:
    open terminal -> “su -” -> “apt-get install vim” -> “vim /etc/sudoers” -> under the line of User privilege specification add “xxx(username) ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL” -> save and exit
  3. how to enable the terminal by shortcut from keyboard:
    System Settings -> Workspace and Shortcuts -> Custom Shortcuts -> Edit -> New -> Global Shortcut -> Command/URL -> type a name in Comment(i.e. “Terminal” or “Konsole”) -> choose tab “Trigger” -> click on None -> press Ctrl+Shift+T -> choose tab “Action” -> enter “konsole” for Command/URL -> apply -> restart system.(if it doesnot work, do the same things again!)
  4. how to install jdk:
    $ sudo apt-get install default-jdk
  5. install the latex
    $ sudo apt-get install texlive
  6. install the pinyin for chinese input
    $ sudo apt-get install ibus
    $ sudo apt-get update
    $ sudo apt-get install ibus-pinyin

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